Getting Started with Points and Figures Charting

Getting Started with Points and Figures Charting

Mastering Points and Figures Charting: Enhance your trading strategy with clear, actionable insights tailored for your success.

By Cory Mitchell

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This article was originally written by Cory Mitchell and has since been updated by the TraderHQ content staff.

If you've ever felt overwhelmed by the complexity and noise of traditional stock charts, you are not alone.

Many traders, both new and experienced, often struggle to interpret the plethora of signals and indicators that can clutter a typical price chart. This is where Point and Figure (P&F) charts come into play—a technique that simplifies the process and hones in on what truly matters: significant price movements.

The essence of P&F charts lies in their meticulous design, which has stood the test of time since their inception in the early 20th century.

Unlike other charting techniques that incorporate time as a factor, P&F charts focus purely on price. This allows you to see the market more clearly by filtering out the 'noise' caused by minor price fluctuations and irrelevant trading data.

Why P&F Charts Stand Out
  • Utility: P&F charts streamline your analysis by spotlighting meaningful price movements, thus reducing false signals.
  • Simplicity: With their straightforward approach of using X's and O's, P&F charts are easy to read, even for beginners.
  • Historical Significance: These charts hold a respected place in trading history, proven effective through decades of market cycles.

So, how do P&F charts accomplish this? The mechanics are simple yet powerful. An upward price movement is marked with an 'X', while a downward movement is denoted by an 'O'.

The primary parameter you need to understand is the 'box size,' which represents the magnitude of price change required to register a new X or O. By focusing only on these significant price changes, you can sidestep the clutter and concentrate on the real trends.

The Magic of Eliminating Time

In traditional stock charts, the time axis can often mislead as it includes periods of inactivity and minor price changes. P&F charts, however, disregard time entirely. This means you get a cleaner, more focused view of price action.

Imagine trying to identify strong support and resistance levels on a cluttered time-based chart—it can be a daunting task. P&F charts simplify this by showing only the price movements that matter.

Consider this relatable scenario: You are tracking a stock that has historically demonstrated strong support at the $50 level. On a traditional chart filled with day-to-day price movement, confirming whether the $50 level will hold can be challenging due to the abundance of minor fluctuations.

A P&F chart, by contrast, would allow you to spot this level with clarity because it filters out those minor movements, showing whether the price is decisively moving towards or away from $50.

Addressing Your Trading Challenges

As a trader, your ambitions likely include making cleaner, more confident decisions, avoiding false breakouts, and managing risk more effectively. Conventional charts can often lead to hesitation and uncertainty due to their noisy nature. P&F charts tackle these challenges head-on, offering you an uncluttered and actionable view of the market.

By eliminating the complication of time and focusing squarely on price movements, you can more readily identify trends, patterns, and critical price levels.

In conclusion, mastering Point and Figure charting can markedly elevate your trading strategy. Leveraging their utility, simplicity, and historical reliability can empower you to make more precise and confident trading decisions.

The reduced noise and focus on significant price movements will aid you in climbing above the fray, providing a clearer path to your trading goals.


Essential Insight: Mastering Point and Figure charting can elevate your trading strategy. By focusing on significant price movements, these charts filter out noise, reducing false signals. This simplicity aids in making clearer decisions. Explore the best stock advisor and best stock advisor websites to refine your approach further.

When diving into Point and Figure (P&F) charts, understanding their construction is essential. This section demystifies the process and provides you with a solid grasp of different aspects of these charts, ensuring you can effectively utilize them in your trading strategies.

Establishing the Box Size

The first step in constructing a P&F chart is establishing the box size. This refers to the price increment represented by each box on the chart. The box size determines how much price movement is required to create a new entry on the chart. For instance, if you set a box size of $1, each box will represent a $1 price movement.

Here's a step-by-step guide to setting the box size:

  1. Start by defining the price range of the stock you're analyzing.
  2. Decide on the appropriate box size based on the stock's price. Generally, for stocks under $20, a box size of $0.50 might be used, while for higher-priced stocks, $1 or more could be suitable.
  3. Consider the stock's volatility. More volatile stocks may require larger box sizes to avoid excessive noise, while less volatile stocks can use smaller box sizes for more detailed analysis.

Scaling Appropriately

Scaling your P&F chart appropriately is critical to capturing a clear picture of market movements. Traditional, logarithmic, or percentage-based scaling methods can be used. Logarithmic scaling is particularly helpful for long-term charts as it accounts for percentage changes rather than absolute price changes.

The 3-Box Reversal Methodology

This methodology, introduced by A.W. Cohen, plays a central role in P&F charting. It filters out minor price fluctuations, ensuring only significant changes are captured, thus providing a clearer trend direction.

  • A 3-box reversal means that for a column of X’s (indicating rising prices) to switch to O’s (indicating falling prices), the price must reverse by at least three box sizes.
  • This allows you to avoid reacting to minor, often inconsequential, price changes, ensuring that the chart only switches columns for substantial movements.

Illustrative Example

Imagine you have set a box size of $1 and are using a 3-box reversal chart. If the price of the stock moves from $52 to $55, you would plot three X’s. If it then falls back to $54, you do nothing. But, if it falls to $52 (a reverse of $3), you start a new column of O’s, indicating a downward movement.

Identifying and Plotting Trendlines

Trendlines on P&F charts help to highlight the direction of price movements. Here's how you can plot them:

  1. For bullish trends: Draw an ascending line connecting the lowest points in a column of X’s. This helps you visually spot upward momentum and potential support levels.
  2. For bearish trends: Draw a descending line connecting the highest points in a column of O’s. This illuminates downward momentum and possible resistance levels.

The Clarity of P&F Charts

P&F charts can declutter your chart workspace significantly. By excluding minor price reversals, they give you a cleaner view of dominant trends. This clarity can boost your confidence in interpreting market movements and making informed trading decisions.

Don't be afraid of experimenting with different settings. Playing around with box sizes and reversal amounts can help you find the setup that best suits your trading style and the specific stock you’re analyzing.

Ultimately, P&F charts have the potential to empower you, offering a unique and effective way to interpret market trends. Through practice, you'll feel more confident and capable in leveraging this tool to its fullest in your trading strategies.


Essential Insight: Mastering Point and Figure charting can elevate your trading strategy. By focusing on significant price movements, these charts filter out noise, reducing false signals. This simplicity aids in making clearer decisions. Explore the best stock advisor and best stock advisor websites to refine your approach further.

You're now ready to dive into the world of Point and Figure (P&F) charting to enhance your trading decisions. Let's break down how you can read and utilize these charts effectively.

Firstly, P&F charts are unique because they focus solely on price movements, filtering out the noise often associated with time-based charts. This makes them particularly useful for you when identifying significant price trends.

Reading P&F Charts:

Interpreting P&F charts involves recognizing specific patterns, support and resistance levels, and trade signals.

  • Patterns: Look for common P&F patterns such as the double top, double bottom, bullish catapult, and bearish catapult. These patterns can signal potential reversals or continuations in the market, giving you a clearer picture of possible future price movements.
  • Support and Resistance Levels: Unlike traditional charts, P&F charts highlight these levels with more clarity. Identifying support and resistance is crucial in predicting price breakouts or retracements. You can use these levels to set your entry and exit points strategically.
  • Trade Signals: Buy and sell signals on P&F charts are formed when a certain price action disrupts a pattern. A 'buy signal' is typically generated when a column of Xs surpasses a previous column of Xs. Conversely, a 'sell signal' occurs when a column of Os drops below a previous column of Os.
Verifying Signals:

It's vital not to rely solely on P&F charts for buy or sell decisions. Complement your P&F signals with other technical analysis tools such as moving averages, RSI, or MACD. This multi-faceted approach can help you confirm signals and reduce the risk of false breakouts.

Hypothetical Examples:

Imagine a scenario where you notice a bullish catapult pattern on a P&F chart of a particular stock. The stock breaks above its previous column of Xs, generating a buy signal. However, before jumping in, you also check the RSI and see that it's neutral, not overbought. This additional confirmation validates your decision to buy.

On the flip side, consider spotting a sell signal without verifying it through other indicators. If the broader market trend or volume analysis contradicts the P&F chart, you might end up making a less informed decision, which could adversely impact your trade.

Using Trendlines:

Add trendlines to your P&F charts to pinpoint dominant trends. Upward trendlines can help you identify sustained bullish movements, while downward trendlines indicate bearish trends. By combining trendline analysis with P&F patterns, you can better gauge the momentum and strength of a price movement, leading to more confident trading choices.

Actionable Steps:
  1. Start integrating P&F charts into your regular trading routine by setting up a reliable charting tool.
  2. Regularly analyze the P&F charts of your chosen stocks or markets to familiarize yourself with common patterns and support/resistance levels.
  3. Use additional technical indicators to confirm P&F signals, ensuring a more comprehensive analysis.
  4. Experiment with trendlines to outline dominant trends, aiding in your overall market assessment.
  5. Review your trades and learn from your experiences, tweaking your approach as needed to enhance your effectiveness over time.

While P&F charts might initially seem unconventional, their strength lies in their ability to distill significant price movements without the distractions of typical time-based fluctuations. This makes them an invaluable tool for both novice and experienced traders like you. Embrace P&F charting, and you may find a clearer and more focused path to improved trading outcomes.

As you continue to explore and utilize P&F charting, remember that patience and practice are key. With time, you'll sharpen your skills and confidence, enhancing your trading success.


Advanced Technique: Understanding P&F chart construction is crucial. Establishing the box size and utilizing the 3-box reversal method filters out minor fluctuations, ensuring trend accuracy. For deeper insights, consider the best investment advice sites and best stock analysis sites.

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